About Salmon and Trout:
Atlantic Ocean species
Atlantic ocean species (Salmo salar), is the species after which all the others are named.
Pacific Ocean species
Pacific species belong to the genus Oncorhynchus, some examples include;
Cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masu or O. masou) is found only in the western Pacific Ocean in Japan, Korea and Russia and also landlocked in central Taiwan's Chi Chia Wan Stream.
Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) is also known locally as King, Tyee, Spring Salmon, Quinnat, Tule, or Blackmouth salmon. Chinook are the largest of all Pacific salmon, frequently exceeding 30 lbs. (14 kg).
Chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) is known locally as Dog or Calico salmon. This species has the widest geographic range of the Pacific species : south to the Sacramento River in California in the eastern Pacific and the island of Kyūshū in the Sea of Japan in the western Pacific; north to the Mackenzie River in Canada in the east and to the Lena River in Siberia in the west.
Coho salmon or Silver salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) is found throughout the coastal waters of Alaska and British Columbia and up most clear-running streams and rivers.
Pink salmon or Humpback salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), known as humpies in south east Alaska, is found from northern California and Korea, throughout the northern Pacific, and from the Mackenzie River in Canada to the Lena River in Siberia, usually in shorter coastal streams. It is the smallest of the Pacific species, with an average weight of 3.5 to 4 lbs. (1.6 - 1.8 kg).
Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) is known locally as "Red Salmon" or "Blueback Salmon".This lake-spawning species is found south as far as the Klamath River in California in the eastern Pacific and northern Hokkaidō Island in Japan in the western Pacific and as far north as Bathurst Inlet in the Canadian Arctic in the east and the Anadyr River in Siberia in the west. Although most adult Pacific salmon feed on small fish and insects, sockeyes feed on plankton that they filter through gill rakers.
Land-locked salmon (Salmo salar sebago) live in a number of lakes in eastern North America. This subspecies of Atlantic Salmon is non-migratory, even when access to the sea is not barred. Kokanee salmon is a land-locked form of sockeye. Huchen or Danube salmon (Hucho hucho), the largest permanent fresh water salmonid.
^ Chinook Salmon. Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
^ Chum Salmon. Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
^ Pink Salmon. Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
^ Sockeye Salmon. Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
^ Prose Edda by Snorri Sturluson